Jews in the Polish Borderlands
When Poland became independent after the First World War more than a third of its population were Ukrainians, Belarussians, Germans, Jews, and Lithuanians, many of whom had been influenced by nationalist movements. The core articles in the volume focus especially on the triangular relationship between Poles, Jews, and Germans in western Poland, and between the different national groups in what are today Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine. In addition, the New Views section investigates aspects of Jewish life in pre-partition Poland and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. There are also the regular Review Essay and Book Review sections.
The Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth, created in 1569, covered a wide spectrum of faiths and languages. The nobility, who were the main focus of Polishness, were predominantly Catholic, particularly from the second half of the seventeenth century; the peasantry included Catholics, Protestants, and members of the Orthodox faith, while nearly half the urban population, and some 10 per cent of the total population, was Jewish.
The partition of Poland at the end of the eighteenth century and the subsequent struggle to regain Polish independence raised the question of what the boundaries of a future state should be, and who qualified as a Pole. The partitioning powers, for their part, were determined to hold on to the areas they had annexed: Prussia tried to strengthen the German element in Poland; the Habsburgs encouraged the development of a Ukrainian consciousness in Austrian Galicia to act as a counterweight to the dominant Polish nobility; and Russia, while allowing the Kingdom of Poland to enjoy substantial autonomy, treated the remaining areas it had annexed as part of the tsarist monarchy.
When Poland became independent after the First World War more than a third of its population were thus Ukrainians, Belarusians, Germans, Jews, and Lithuanians, many of whom had been influenced by nationalist movements. The core articles in the volume focus especially on the triangular relationship between Poles, Jews, and Germans in western Poland, and between the different national groups in what are today Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine.
In addition, the New Views section investigates aspects of Jewish life in pre-partition Poland and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. There are also the regular Review Essay and Book Review sections.
Antony Polonsky is the first holder of the Albert Abramson Chair of Holocaust Studies, a joint appointment held in the Department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies at Brandeis University and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC.
|Format||23.5 x 15.5 cm / 6" x 9"|
|ISBN||978-1-874774-69-3 hardback out of print
|Price||£21.95 / $34.95|
|Date of publication||2001|
Note on People and place-Names
Note on Transliteration
The Sixtieth Anniversary of the Massacre in Jedwabne: Two Speeches Delivered in
Jedwabne, 10 July 2001
Part 1 Jews in the Polish Borderlands
Introduction ANTONY POLONSKY
The Self-Perception of Belarusian-Lithuanian Jewry in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries VITAL ZAJKA
Jewish Rights of Residence in Cieszyn Silesia, 1742–1848 JANUSZ SPYRA
The Jewish Community in the Grand Duchy of Poznan under Prussian Rule, 1815–1848 SOPHIA KEMLEIN
Between Germans and Poles: the Jews of Poznan in 1848 KRZYSZTOF A. MAKOWSKI
The Rabbinical Seminaries as Institutions of Socialization in Tsarist Russia, 1847–1873 VERENA DOHRN
The Zhitomir Rabbinical School: New Materials and Perspectives EFIM MELAMED
Three Documents on Anti-Jewish Violence in the Eastern Kresy during the Polish–Soviet Conflict SARUNAS LIEKIS, LIDIA MILIAKOVA, and ANTONY POLONSKY
The Policies of the Sanacja Regarding the Jewish Minority in Silesia, 1926-1939 JACEK PIOTROWSKI
The Policies of the Sanacja on the Jewish Minority in Silesia, 1926–1939
The Vilna Years of Jakub Rotbaum
Tsevorfene bleter: The Emergence of Yung Vilne
JUSTIN D. CAMMY
Jewish Autonomy in Inter-War Lithuania: An Interview with Yudl Mark
The Transfer of the Vilna District into Lithuania, 1939
Jan Kazimierz University, 1936–1939: A Memoir
My First Encounters with Jews and Ukrainians
Lithuania Honours a Holocaust Rescuer
Part 2 New Views
Christian Servants Employed by Jews in the Polish–Lithuanian
Commonwealth in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Boleslaw Prus and the Dreyfus Case
Jewish War Cemeteries in Western Galicia
New Sources on the History of the Old Synagogue in Lódz
A Fish Breaks through the Net: Sven Norrman and the Holocaust
The Work and Recommendations of the Polish–Israeli Textbooks Committee
The Image of the Holocaust in the Polish Historical Consciousness
Part 3 Reviews
John Paul II on Jews and Judaism
ROBERT S. WISTRICH
Recent Developments in the Historiography of Silesian Jews
A Review of Some Recent Issues of the Biuletyn Zydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego
Gates of Heaven
Notes on Contributors
'This volume is no exception to the generally high quality of the series
. . . gives a truly international perspective on the field . . . well indexed
and attractively printed and bound . . . . very useful for any collection that
deals with east European Jewry.'
Shaul Stampfer, Religious Studies Review